My Tropicana Slim

Your Guide to Healthy Lifestyle

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

We had discussed about Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus earlier. Now we are comfortable to move into its counterpart; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. This type is also known as adult onset or Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes. Type 2 is a chronic condition when the body fails to utilize the existing insulin (insulin resistance) or insulin produced is not enough to maintain normal glucose level.

Type-2-Diabetes-Metabolic-Process1

 

Likewise Type 1, sign and symptoms of Type 2 as listed below,

  1. Polyuria (Frequent Urination)
  2. Polydipsia (Excessive Thirst)
  3. Polyphagia (Excessive Hunger/Increased Appetite)
  4. Involuntary Weight Loss
  5. Fatigue, nausea and blurred vision
  6. Having dry, itchy skin
  7. Losing the feeling in your feet or having tingling in your feet
  8. Having sores that heal slowly

Lifestyle has been linked to this non-communicable disease with listed risk factors as below;

  • Weight. Majority of patient are overweight with BMI >25kgm2
  • Fat distribution. Abdominal fat is higher risk for developing DM
  • Family history. The risk increased when immediate family diagnosed earlier.
  • Inactivity. The less physically active you are, your body is less sensitive to Insulin.
  • Age. The risk is higher after 45 years old.
  • Prediabetes. Prediabetes is when sugar amount in body is higher than normal. Untreated prediabetes will lead to DM.
  • Gestational diabetes. Uncontrolled DM during pregnancy will increase the risk of having Type 2 DM

Type 2 DM is a chronic condition that means it is developing over a period of time with risk factors above. If you found out that you have some of the risk factors listed, what you can do is to achieve desirable healthy range. Eg: achieve normal weight if you’re overweight, start doing physical activity if you never done any.

In the next section, we will further understand the role of Insulin in body and complications that caused by uncontrolled DM.

**DM= Diabetes Mellitus

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This entry was posted on May 16, 2013 by .
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